Dispute Settlement Mechanism
The Dispute Settlement Mechanism was established under the Protocol on Rules and Procedures of the AfCFTA Agreement. It focuses on amicable, transparent and swift resolution of disputes between State Parties. The key institutions of the Dispute Settlement Mechanism are the Dispute Settlement Body, the Adjudicating Panels and the Appellate Body for second-tier review.
The Dispute Settlement Body (DSB)
The Adjudicating Panels
The Appellate Body
In addition to the arbitration process featuring the Dispute Settlement Body, Adjudicating Panel, and the Appellate Body, State Parties may also choose to settle disputes through the Office of the Secretary-General or conciliation and mediation.