The Schedules of Tariff concessions
Modalities for tariff liberalisation were adopted with a level of ambition of 90% of tariff lines to be liberalised in a linear form over a period of 5 years for Non LDCs and years for LDCs (Least developed countries). The percentage for Sensitive Products shall not exceed 7% of total tariff lines subject to negotiation and tariff dismantling starts on the 6th year. Non-LDCs shall liberalise their sensitive products within 10 years and LDCs within 13 years counted from 1st January 2021 when liberalisation of 90% started. The Exclusion List shall not exceed 3% of total tariff lines with intra-Africa import value limit of not more than 10 percent subject to negotiation and review every after 5 years. This will be supported by the AfCFTA Tariff Negotiations online portal where Member States will upload their tariff offers.
The AfCFTA Online Negotiation Tool
The tool is accessible to all parties to assist in their negotiations and serves as a collaborative platform to exchange the lists of products defined at the tariff line level as well as the tariff that could be applied. The tool allows each party to – define their own product lists; share lists with selected parties for discussion; comment on shared lists; and suggest counter-proposals.
In order to facilitate the creation of initial product lists, a module analyses various factors among which are: – fiscal revenues; employment by sector; production; potential trade; existing tariffs; commitments; and Infant industries.
Based on this methodology, the tool automatically suggests product lists as a potential starting point for negotiation, considering the tariff-dismantling schedules.